//Addiction as a psychopathological condition?

Addiction as a psychopathological condition?

People have always had the need to occasionally leave everyday life, to escape from reality that can be difficult and tedious, unfair, unbearable. By fleeing from this reality people have fallen under the influence of various herbs, drugs, gambling, and so on, and today and the internet. Any impulse or any interest, unforgiving longing, can take on addictive dimensions. Terminologically, it is harder to define the concept of addiction. On the one hand, consuming narcotics, marijuana , alcohol and smoking provides a clear picture of physical and psychological addiction, on the other hand there is more and more argument that many other behaviors, such as games of chance, surfing the internet, online gambling, online social services , shopping, carry in themselves a large number of pathological features of addiction.
We can say that addiction is a form of behavior related to the consumption of some substance or persistence in some activity that causes a disruption of physical or mental health over a certain period of time and the difficulties in social functioning.
According to the World Health Organization definition, addiction is a mental and sometimes physical condition that arises from the interaction of a living organism and addictive substances. It is characterized by behavior and other mental processes that always involve coercion for occasional or regular addiction to the intent to experience its effect on mental processes or to avoid discomfort due to the absence of such an agent. Addiction can lead to interruption or reduction of a whole range of social, business or recreational activities. The individual can break up with hobbies or family activities to be alone and take a psychoactive substance or socialize with other addicts.

Addictions are developed in time-varying dimensions, which means that we have a spectrum in front of us for several months to several years. Normal consumption should be distinguished from addiction. An insignificant number of consumers suspend their use after a few or sporadic recurrent consumer experiences so that addiction does not develop. Normal use should be distinguished from the harm that exists if it causes health damage. A particular form of harmful use is acute intoxication (poisoning of the organism), and the signs of poisoning are typical for a particular substance. Different effects on the organism depend on the amount of substance taken. Thus, for example, a small amount of alcohol has an incentive effect, while at higher amounts calms, rarely and to the excitement and aggressiveness, and at extreme amounts even to death.
With the total or relative deprivation of the substance or activity that is regularly consumed or repeated, abstinence symptoms appear. Some symptoms are fear, cramps, nervousness, mood disorders. The same symptoms occur when an addict adds an internet activity, or simply is no longer available for activity, and will be discussed in more detail below.